Image courtesy of Colonial National Historical Park, Yorktown.

Wednesday, December 21, 2022

Next Meeting: January 18. 2023


Our next meeting on January 18, 2023 will feature Tyler Putnam speaking on "Washington's Tent."

Join Tyler Putman of the Museum of the American Revolution for an historic and virtual exploration of George Washington's life on campaign during the Revolutionary War. This program will include an exploration of the Museum's virtual tour of Washington's wartime headquarters and explore the history of Washington's sleeping marquee (which is in the Museum's collection) and the surprising stories of the diverse people who made, maintained, and preserved it over three centuries.

Dr.Tyler Rudd Putman is the Senior Manager of Gallery Interpretation at the Museum of the American Revolution, where he manages talks, tours, theatrical programs, and living history.

Note that this is a ZOOM meeting and not an in person meeting. We will be joined by the University of Richmond's Osher students and, hopefully, friends around the country.  Sign on details will be included in Bill Welsch's January newsletter.

2023 Dues

Because our January meeting will be via ZOOM, we will begin collecting 2023 membership dues in-person at our March 15 meeting. If you wish to pay by mail before then, simply go to the "Dues" tab above, print the membership information form, complete it and mail with your check for $20.00 to the address on the bottom of the form.

2023 Meetings

The dates for our 2023 meetings have been posted to the "Meetings" tab above. Topics and speakers will be posted as they become available. Please note that our January 18 meeting will be a ZOOM meeting.

Sunday, October 30, 2022

Yorktown Tour

Thanks to Sarah Pace, here are pictures from our recent tour of Yorktown.  Michael Moore and Maureen Wiese did a fantastic job of covering the village.  Again, thank you to two of our anonymous members, who came through with extra donations to keep the tour in the black.  Scroll down through the pictures.

November 16, 2022 Election Information

Our bylaws call for an election of board members every two years at the November meeting.  This year, the board is also proposing a restructuring of the board membership.  After sixteen years in existence with the current structure, we offer the following changes.

1. Eliminate the two At Large positions

2. Combine two positions - the 2nd Vice President for Membership and the Webmaster - into one position as 2nd Vice President for Membership and Technology

3. Great a new position of Osher Director.  This position would not be voted on, but rather be automatically filled by the current Osher Director.  This makes sense, given our close relationship with the University of Richmond's Osher Program.

As these proposals must be announced prior to voting, this message serves that purpose.  These changes will be voted on prior to the board election at the Wednesday, November 16th meeting.  A vote of two-thirds of dues paying members present will be necessary for adoption.

Both Jerry Rudd and Woody Childs have decided to retire from the board after long and important service.  We offer our sincere thanks to Woody and Jerry.

The slate for the board for the 2023 -2024 term is:

President - Bill Welsch
1st VP for Programs - Bruce Venter
2nd VP for Membership + Technology - Mark Groth
Paymaster - Art Ritter
Secretary / Historian - Fred Sorrell
Osher Director - Peggy Watson (appointed)

If you should wish to nominate either yourself or another member, please send that nomination to me at  They will be included in the voting.  Only dues paying members in attendance are eligible to hold office and vote.

Next Meeting: November 16, 2022

Dr. Bruce Venter will be speaking on "Forting Up: Defending the Mohawk Valley through the Artwork of Rufus Grider." Rufus Grider's artistic endeavors relating to New York State history began in 1886. At that time, he came up with the idea of making a "collection of pictures of old” buildings of the Mohawk Valley. He decided he could draw these buildings that "formerly existed" if he could find individuals who could describe them and recognize them when drawn. Initially he drew views of buildings and landscapes, then Indian relics and finally "any object suited for illustration," including documents, which he copied by tracing the original. From 1886 to about 1900, Grider traveled up and down the Mohawk Valley, with occasional excursions to the Cherry and Schoharie valleys and Lake George and Lake Champlain, in search of historic buildings, battlefields, the sites of forts, the relics of Indians, all of which he drew or copied with explanatory notes.

We will be returning to the Westhampton Room in the Heilman Dining Center. Regular dining service will be available beginning at 5:30 p.m. and the meeting will follow at 6:30 p.m.

University of Richmond campus map:


Thursday, August 18, 2022

Event: Francis Marion Symposium, October 21-22, 2022, Manning, SC

The 20th annual Francis Marion Symposium will be held October 21-22, 2022 in Manning, SC. Click the following link for more information and registration:

Next Meeting: September 21, 2022

William L. Kidder will be speaking on Jacob Francis, the subject of his latest book The Revolutionary World of a Free Black Man, Jacob Francis 1754 - 1836.  Larry is the author of six other books on revolutionary and rural New Jersey, including outstanding studies of the Ten Crucial Days.  They are available from the Fort Plain Bookstore, your best source for Revolutionary War volumes.

We will be returning to the Westhampton Room in the Heilman Dining Center. Regular dining service will be available beginning at 5:30 p.m. and the meeting will follow at 6:30 p.m.

University of Richmond campus map:


Sunday, July 31, 2022

Meeting Notes: July 20, 2022


Dr. John L. Seidel presented "'In Quarters Comfortable & Clever': The Continental Artillery in Winter Cantonment, 1778-79." John was originally scheduled for 2020, but Covid interfered. He has just retired as Director, Center for Environment & Society and Lammot du Pont Copeland Associate Professor of Anthropology and Environmental Studies at Washington College in Maryland.

In the 1970s, Dr. Seidel, as a graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania, led the archaeological work at Knox's encampment and academy in Pluckemin, NJ. Dr. Seidel conducted the first systematic survey of the site in 1979 and prepared a detailed map of surface features. Later work led to his 1987 PhD dissertation. His presentation described the archaeological methods and findings evidencing an innovative and well-campaigned operation, led by Henry Knox, that protected the Continental Army’s artillery. Wikipedia’s article “Pluckemin Continental Artillery Cantonment Site” reference several of Dr. Seidel’s articles.

Dr. Seidel presented many facts about Knox, a former book seller from Boston and a self-taught pupil of military history, who rose to a general during the American Revolution to become thought of, today, as the father of American artillery, including the industries and logistics needed for support.

Knox recognized the Continental Army’s need for heavy artillery and was responsible for transporting fifty-five cannons, howitzers and mortars and over a ton of lead captured at Fort Ticonderoga to Boston. The newly acquired guns were then moved into position atop Dorchester Heights, forcing the British garrison to evacuate Boston in mid-March and resulted in Knox earning the rank of colonel of the Continental Artillery Regiment.

Dr. Seidel spoke to archaeology as the tool used to develop theories of Pluckemin’s historical reality, as the crossroads location in Somerset County NJ, that Knox chose as the winter hub for training of artillerymen, resupply, and workshops for artisans and armorers. The digs provided artifacts evidencing housing and workshop construction, daily lifestyles (including wine glasses, Chinese export china, and glazing points for glass windows), and manufacturing capabilities supporting the war effort.

Discovery of independent evidence supporting theory is particularly satisfying to archaeological researchers. At the Pluckemin Cantonment dig, Dr. Seibel heard rumors of diagram of Knox's Academy. He was able to track down, and recover, a drawing, made by Continental Army Captain John Lillie in in late 1778 or early 1779, which had been pilfered from the historical records held by the National Parks Service. The drawing confirmed the veracity of the dig's theoretically developed locations, and construction details, of the camp's barracks, Academy, workshops, hospital and materiel storage buildings and was exceptionally important for the project's future interpretations. Of particular interest were discovery of rings sawn from the bases of British bayonets and their modification to fit locking sockets on French-made muskets used by the American and French soldiers.

The facts and perspectives shared by Dr. Seidel were very much appreciated by those in attendance.

Monday, June 20, 2022

Next Meeting: July 20, 2022

Please join us at our next meeting on July 20, 2022 at the University of Richmond. Dr. John L. Seidel will present "'In Quarters Comfortable & Clever': The Continental Artillery in Winter Cantonment, 1778-79." John was originally scheduled for 2020, but Covid interfered.  He has just retired as Director, Center for Environment & Society and Lammot du Pont Copeland Associate Professor of Anthropology and Environmental Studieat Washington College in Maryland.  In the 1970s, Dr Seidel led the archaeological work at Knox's encampment and academy in Pluckemin, NJ.  This is a fascinating tale of history and modern technology.

We will again meet at the University of Richmond. This will continue to be an in-person meeting ONLY.

The university will be renovating the Heilman Dining Center during the summer.  So we will have dinner (beginning at 5:30) in the regular dining area, not in the Westhampton room.  Look for tables marked reserved for ARRT-Richmond.

At 6:30, we will move to the Gottwald Center for the Sciences, adjacent to Heilman, meeting in the lecture hall on the lower level.

If you can't join us for dinner, then join us at 6:30 for the meeting.

University of Richmond campus map:

Meeting Notes: May 18, 2022

After a long absence, the American Revolution Round Table of Richmond was able to return to the University of Richmond for the May 18, 2022 in-person meeting. Those in attendance were happy to be back to the fine meeting facilities offered by the University and the opportunity to socialize over dinner before the meeting and program presentation.

Bill Welsch reminded attendees that the newly revised "Revolutionary Richmond" brochure is available for distribution by those wishing to do so. He canvassed attendees about a possible Fall trip to the Town of Yorktown. Arthur Wm. Ritter presented the Treasurer’s Report. Mark Lender (head of the Harry M. Ward American Revolution Round Table of Richmond Book Award Committee) spoke about Westholme Publishing's new military history series, "Small Battles: Military History as Local History" being published in collaboration with distinguished historians. “The series offers a fresh and important new perspective on the story of America’s early conflicts.” The Dan River Chapter of Virginia Society Sons of the American Revolution presented the ARRT-R with a commendation certificate from the Order of the Riverboat Flotilla for its continuing education programs.

Al Zambone (DPhil) was the featured speaker. Al is the author of Daniel Morgan, A Revolutionary Life published by Westholme Publishing, a new biography. His presentation focused on placing Morgan in the context of his life experiences, his presence and his ambitions, and how they contributed to his rise from a young penniless wanderer arriving near Winchester in Virginia, to Brigadier General, and Virginia politician. Zambone’s presentation evidenced his deep research into Morgan’s ordinary life, the history of his place in times, and the experiences his life presented him. Zambone explained how Morgan’s ambitions constantly lifted him within colonial society from ruffian, to farmer, to waggoner, to rifleman, to soldier, to military leader, and major general, and how the rifle influenced his life. Morgan is most known for his tactics used to engage Lieutenant-colonel Banastre Tarleton, who was leading a mixed force of cavalry and light infantry known as the British Legion, in pursuit of American patriots as Morgan retreated to an area between present day Charlotte, NC and Greenville, SC following the surrender of Charleston. The retreat was halted near Cowpens, SC because Morgan recognized the battle field advantages of a cow pasture’s topography and support logistics to stand and battle Tarleton. Morgan arranged his riflemen skirmishers, militia, and Continentals into succeeding lines of fire with devastating results. With heavy losses, Tarleton abandoned the battlefield to rejoin Cornwallis's army near Wilmington, NC. Morgan was a hard man who learned throughout his life. He was in his thirties before learning to read and write. His stature and voice enabled him to lead other men. He listened to the counsel of his subordinate officers and he was just plain lucky (if you consider his getting shot in the face, surviving and still being able to lead the many years afterward). Zambone’s book is not only a biography but a trove of facts concerning life in America’s colonial times—a good read.

Next meeting is July 20 with presentation by Dr. John L. Seidel, "'In Quarters Comfortable & Clever': The Continental Artillery in Winter Cantonment, 1778-79"

Tuesday, May 10, 2022

May 18 Meeting Details

Yes, we are returning to the University of Richmond!  This is an in-person meeting and will not be zoomed.


The university will be renovating the Heilman Dining Center during the summer.  So we will have dinner (beginning at 5:30) in the regular dining area, not in the Westhampton room.  Look for tables marked reserved for ARRT-Richmond.

At 6:30, we will move to the Gottwald Center for the Sciences, adjacent to Heilman.  We will meet on the lower level.

If you can't join us for dinner, then join us at 6:30 for the meeting.

Monday, April 11, 2022

Next Meeting: May 18, 2022

Please join us at our next meeting on May 18, 2022 at the University of Richmond. Al Zambone will present "Daniel Morgan, A Revolutionary Life."

Yes, you read that correctly--We are returning to the University of Richmond!

Meetings are held in the Westhampton Room, Heilman Dining Center (dining hall--building 410 on the campus map), University of Richmond, at 6:30 p.m. with dinner available for purchase beginning at 5:30 p.m.

University of Richmond campus map:

[The following is from]

On January 17, 17
81, at Cowpens, South Carolina, the notorious British cavalry officer Banastre Tarleton and his legion had been destroyed along with the cream of Lord Cornwallis’s troops. The man who planned and executed this stunning American victory was Daniel Morgan. Once a barely literate backcountry laborer, Morgan now stood at the pinnacle of American martial success.

Born in New Jersey in 1736, he left home at seventeen and found himself in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley. There he worked in mills and as a teamster, and was recruited for Braddock’s disas­trous expedition to take Fort Duquesne from the French in 1755. When George Washington called for troops to join him at the siege of Boston in 1775, Morgan organized a select group of riflemen and headed north. From that moment on, Morgan’s presence made an immediate impact on the battlefield and on his superiors. Washington soon recognized Morgan’s leadership and tactical abilities. When Morgan’s troops blocked the British retreat at Saratoga in 1777, ensuring an American victory, he received accolades from across the colonies.

In Daniel Morgan: A Revolutionary Life, the first biogra­phy of this iconic figure in forty years, historian Albert Louis Zambone presents Morgan as the quintessential American everyman, who rose through his own dogged determination from poverty and obscurity to become one of the great battlefield commanders in American history. Using social history and other advances in the discipline that had not been available to earlier biographers, the author provides an engrossing portrait of this storied per­sonality of America’s founding era—a common man in uncommon times. 

Please plan on joining us!

Sunday, March 27, 2022

Meeting Notes: March 16, 2022

"The Battle of Paoli," Jim Christ

The March 16, 2022 Meeting was held at Glen Allen - Henrico County Public Library and featured a presentation by Jim Christ entitled "The Battle of Paoli." Jim is the President of the Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund, Vice President of both the American Revolution Round Table of Philadelphia, and the Brandywine Valley Civil War Round Table.

Christ's presentation on the battle was well received by the members present as he explained the events on the night of September 20, 1777, in the area surrounding present-day Malvern, Pennsylvania, and was one in a series of American Revolutionary War conflicts, that became known as the Philadelphia Campaign. That campaign was initiated by the British to gain control of Philadelphia, then the seat of the Second Continental Congress.

Christ spoke about the commanders on both sides and the plans they made--especially the expectations of American Brigadier General Anthony Wayne and British General Sir William Howe, as Commander-in-Chief, North America.

On September 11, 1777, Wayne had commanded the Pennsylvania Line at the Battle of Brandywine, where they held off General Wilhelm von Knyphausen who commanded Hessian auxiliaries on behalf of Great Britain. Wayne was ordered to retreat ending the battle. He was then ordered to harass the British rear to slow Howe's advance towards Pennsylvania. Christ then discussed the Paoli attack itself and the role of Major General Charles Grey who led around 2,000 men into the Great Valley to surprise over 2,000 of Wayne's men and 2,100 Maryland Militia under General William Smallwood. Grey became known as "No-flint Grey" for ordering his men to extract the flints from their muskets during the nighttime surprise approach and to fight with bayonets only. While there were relatively few American casualties, claims were made that the British took no prisoners and granted no quarter, and the engagement became known as the "Paoli Massacre" and “Remember Paoli” became America’s first battle cry. As historian and author Robert M. Dunkerly observed in his January 19, 2022, presentation to the Roundtable "Decision at Brandywine: The Battle on Birmingham Hill," eighteenth-century combat was brutal and random in its violence. Wayne's own reputation was tarnished by the American losses at Paoli, and he demanded a formal inquiry to clear his battlefield decisions. Christ explained the aftermath of the fighting and spent considerable time on the court martial of Wayne, which Wayne himself had demanded and eventually resulted in his exoneration.

The ninth bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War left Philadelphia open to British occupation. The British captured Philadelphia two weeks later on September 26, resulting in the city falling under British control for nine months, until June of 1778.

Howe resigned during the occupation of Philadelphia and was replaced by his second-in-command, General Sir Henry Clinton. Although Wayne's reputation suffered due to his defeat in the Battle of Paoli, he later earned praise for leadership successes before the end of the war.

--Fred Sorrell

Wednesday, March 2, 2022

Next Meeting: March 16, 2022


"The Battle of Paoli," Jim Christ

Join us in welcoming Jim Christ to our next meeting. We're glad to finally have Jim visit after a previous pandemic cancellation. He will be speaking on the Battle of Paoli.  Was it a battle or a massacre? 

Jim is the president of the Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund and is also vice- president of the ARRT of Philadelphia. In his non-history life, Jim is Director of Client Services at Shelby Financial Corporation. Jim will be traveling from Pennsylvania to join us.
Please note that this meeting will be held at the Glen Allen Branch of the Henrico County Public Library, not the Gayton Branch where we've held our last two meetings.  That room was unavailable. Start time is 6:30 p.m.

Glen Allen - Henrico County Public Library
10501 Staples Mill Road
Glen Allen, VA 23060



Updated "Revolutionary Richmond" Brochures Now Available

Given the success of the first printing and distribution of ARRT-Richmond's "Revolutionary Richmond" brochure and the generosity of our members and friends, a second edition printing of the brochure has moved forward. With price increases looming, the lead time for future paper supplies in question and the brochure's popularity, the Board decided to order 7,000 brochures for the second printing, which have now arrived. The brochure maps and describes sites and events significant to the American War of Independence from Britain in and around Richmond, Virginia. The brochures will again be distributed at Richmond International Airport, popular sightseeing venues and hotels in the Richmond area and at national American Revolution conferences.

Contact person to request copies is Bill Welsch at